DEFINITION OF HEALTH AS PER AYURVEDA. BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA
Branches of Ayurveda: Ayurveda defines health as a condition in which there is quantitative/ qualitative balance or equilibrium or homeostasis of Dosha.
Dosha are the three humors, DHATHU (the 7 vital components / building blocks), AGNI ( the 13 metabolic powers) MALA ( the metabolic wastes / escrements) and wellness / pleasant state of soul, senses and mind.
SAMADOSHA SAMAAGNISHCHA SAMADHATHU MALAKRIYA
PRASANNATMA INDRIYA MANAHA SWASTHA ITYABJI DHIYATE
Ayurveda not only adds years to life but adds life to years. the word Ayu itself denotes four aspects HITAYU, AHITAYU, SUKHAYU and DUKHAYU as defined in my precedent blog posthttps://www.yogastudiovng.com/blog/ayurveda-science-of-living-yoga-blog-meditacion-tantra
Thus Ayurveda deals with a nice description of life of a person in context of physical, mental and spiritual health which not only enjoys fully the life but at the same time, he / she should comfort the society & the world as a whole.
Branches of Ayurveda: HEALTH AYURVEDA BRANCHES DOSHA.
Ayurveda is a well-developed ¬ classifield system of medicine. It was received as a whole by mortal sages from Gods. At the time of propagation, the entire knowledge was fifferentiated into eigth specialties hence know as Ashtanga Ayurveda ( Ashta means eight and Anga means part. ) These eight branches of Ayurveda with their specialties are as follows:
- KAYA CHIKITSA: internal medicine
- SHALYA TANTRA: surgery
- SHALAKYA TANTRA: ophthalmology, oro-dentistry including head, neck
- KAUMARA BHRITYA: pediatrics
- AGATA TANTRA: toxicology
- BHUTA VIDYA: psychiatry
- RASAYANA: science of rejuvenation and anti-ageing
- VAJIKARANA: the science of fertility and aphrodisiac
The each of the specialties has been described in following articles.
SUBJECTS /SPECIALITIES OF AYURVEDA:
Now days, for the ease of learning, eight branches of Ayurveda are differentiated into several topics. This pattern is accepted in syllabus of all universities of Ayurveda. Apart from the eight specialties of Ayurveda mentioned earlier, new branches are added to make Ayurveda global and easy to understand are as below:
1. MAULIKA SIDDHANTA: basic principles of ayurveda.
2. SHARIRA RACHANA: human anatomy
3. Sharira kriya: physiology of the body and mind
4. DRAVYAGUNA: pharmacognosy and pharmacology of herbal meteria medica
5. RASASHASTRA ¬ BHAISHJYA KALPANA: metallo-mineral pharmacology ¬ pharmaceutics and alchemy
6. BHAISHAJYA KALPANA: herbal pharmaceutics and medicine
7. ROGA NIDANA AND VIKRITI VIGYANA: diagnosticds and patology
8. SWASTHA VRITTA: higiene / preventive social medicine
9. MANASA ROGA: psychiatry
10. PRASUTI TANTRA AND STRI ROGA: obstetrics and gynecology
11. PANCHAKARMA: bio purification therapies.